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Turquoise Peak (Hector Lake)

Summit Elevation (m): 2724
Trip Date: Sunday, April 24 2022
Elevation Gain (m): 1050
Trip Time (hr): 8.5
Total Trip Distance (km): 30
Quick ‘n Dirty Rating: Class 3 – you fall, you sprain or break something unless you get caught in an avalanche in which case you could die.
Difficulty Notes: Some moderate rock and snow scrambling and exposed avalanche terrain make this a fairly long and involved winter ski trip. 
Technical Rating: SC6; MN6; RE4/5
GPS Track: Download
Map: Google Maps


I knew what would happen as soon as Sara, Wietse and I made the decision not to tackle Turquoise Peak on our way past it in early March 2022. The peak would sit high on my priority list until it got done, and I was pretty keen on getting it done in spring conditions and in 2022 if at all possible. Wietse was pretty sure that he’d had enough of Hector Lake for at least a year so it was up to Sara and I to tackle it on a weekend when Wietse was otherwise occupied. That weekend turned out to be the last full one of April. When Alex Privalov initially posted a trip report earlier in 2022 for what he called “Hector Lake Peak”, he mentioned that the west face looked to be skiable with more snow than he had. Although we didn’t consider it likely, we were really hoping that a spring snow pack might give us a chance to nab this descent on the snow sticks, at least justifying another lengthy slog up Hector Lake.

Turquoise Peak Route Map

Speaking of the slog up Hector Lake… Since meeting and chatting with Sara on several ski trips this year I’ve learned of a group of local cross country skiers who wait for spring conditions in the Rockies to get out to some wild places to fly around on light ski racing gear. Hector Lake is one of the places that attracts these skiers who wait for a predictable melt-freeze cycle before skating across the lake in the early morning hours before the “melt” part of the spring cycle fires up around noon. Because of her experience seeking out these conditions, Sara has a good system for predicting when they will exist and she predicted this for our day out on Sunday, April 24th. I sincerely hoped she was correct!

Right from the parking spot along hwy 93, the route down through light forest to the Bow River inlet at Hector Lake gave indication that Sara’s prediction of solid “freeze” conditions were bang on. Our skins made a racket in the absolute stillness of the morning, likely confusing the local bird population in the process. It felt, sounded and smelled like Spring as we skinned easily across the Bow River and onto the endless surface of Hector Lake under a deep blue sky. It was going to be one of those days – I could feel it already.

The Bow River runs into Hector Lake as we ponder the excellent conditions on a melt/freeze crust. The Pulpit Knobs march off at left with Pulpit at center fg and Turquoise just visible at center distance. BowCrow and Bow Peak at c-r.

With amazing conditions across the vast expanse of Hector Lake, it only took us just over an hour to ski from the Bow River inlet at the SE end to the Balfour Creek inlet at the NW end. And we weren’t racing either – just skiing side-by-side and chatting every once in a while over the sound of our skins on the icy snow. After skiing the entirety of this lake 5 times before, I can confidently recommend that you wait for spring melt/freeze conditions. Tackling it in the dead of winter with 6-12 inches of fresh snow only means a slushy undercoat (no matter the air temp) which will clog up your ski poles and annoy the heck outta you. Not to mention breaking trail across the lake gets old after an hour of seemingly no progress. 🙂 By 10:00 we were skiing up Balfour Creek staring at the always impressive Balfour Icefall dead ahead.

Incredible views at the back of Hector Lake up Balfour Creek under the looming Balfour icefall.

As we skied across some grizzly tracks and ascended the moraines at the head of Balfour Creek under the icefall we wondered what the lower choke in the access canyon would be like. Earlier in March we’d gotten very lucky with an exposed little traverse atop the choke via the left hand route. Would that traverse still be viable this time around? Should we take the right hand option this time? We skied up to the bottom of the route and once again decided that the left hand option seemed smarter.

The lower access canyon choke is ahead at left. We will once again pick the left-hand route. This whole area must be a raging whitewater rapid in high summer melt conditions as it drains the whole Balfour Glacier through this one channel!

Our reasoning for once again taking the left hand option was pretty simple. We didn’t have to take the snow sticks off for it and we’re lazy like that. Making decisions in the mountains based purely on laziness seems to work out a surprising number of times and once again it didn’t let us down. Despite being the best choice for us, the left hand option wasn’t quite as slick as our previous ascent in March. Sara ended up kicking steps across a semi-exposed bit of snow in order to get us across to the main channel again and we had to take the skis off to do these few moves. I noted how exposed the right hand option is to a huge snowdrift / cornice that seems to build above it in the canyon and wondered if the left hand option should always be given a bit more consideration.

From the lower canyon choke the ski up the next section went quick and easy on an icy top layer of snow before I led slowly left (east) up and out of the canyon to the east lateral moraine high above. Looking up at the crest of the moraine we could see that the strong spring sun had been at work melting off the snow we’d enjoyed a month previous. Thankfully the sides of the moraine and the access bench off the glacier looked to be holding plenty of snow.

Slowly making our way to the NE moraine above the Balfour Glacier. It’s looking a bit bare on top!

The day was absolutely perfect as we continued up to the moraine following the same route we’d used for The Preacher. I always forget just how darn pleasant spring ski tours can be compared to winter ones. I could have been in a t-shirt already at 11:00 in the morning but I didn’t want to burn my arms so I kept my fleece jacket on and just went a bit slower. I never tire of the way a glacier resembles a white ocean and the blue ice of the seracs overhead glistened like gems in the strong sun. We managed to keep our skis on as we gained and crossed the NE moraine and continued to the south ridge of our objective rising impressively to the east.

Turquoise Peak looms to the left with The Preacher at distance right. We are happy to note that we can ski up under the south ridge and possible even down the west face at left.

As soon as Sara saw the south ridge and west face of Turquoise she wondered aloud if we could possibly ski most of it, rather than scramble it in ski boots as Alex’s party had done. Obviously the goal is to use the skis as much as possible on these trips so we decided to give it a shot. We spotted a clear snow line just under the bare south ridge that we could use for ascent to the summit block. The west face had plenty of rocks showing through but also looked reasonably snowy compared to last time we’d seen it and we knew the snow would be very supportive. It was almost too supportive as we started up from the col. I mentioned to Sara that we should don ski crampons just to keep things easier. She’d never used them before so this was a perfect practise scenario. And wouldn’t you know it?! For some dang reason my ski crampons weren’t in my pack. Happy Sara continued easily up the traverse on hard snow while grumpy Vern tried desperately to maintain my edge without slipping down the west face behind her!

Sara is happy for her ski crampons while I’m left wondering where the heck I left mine at home. I can keep going for now on just climbing skins.

As I predicted to myself it didn’t take long before I was really struggling without the ski crampons. Spring is the one time of year you don’t want to leave them at home – or in my case the boot bag in the back of Sara’s car. :O I reached the point where I was struggling not to slide down the west face and decided it was time for the boot crampons which thankfully I did not leave behind. Things were much easier and safer with the crampons and soon I was matching Sara’s pace as we inched closer and closer to the upper choke under the summit block over the west face.

Too steep for just climbing skins so I’m on boot crampons while Sara continues to the summit block on skis.

We weren’t sure what to expect from the upper mountain. After ascending along some neat snow scoop features along the summit block over the west face I joined Sara just under the obvious break in the low cliffs above. I kept my crampons on as I led up some moderate terrain with incredibly loose rock but Sara didn’t seem to need them. Soon we were above the choke and trudging to the summit in dead calm conditions with million dollar views. Sara opened a summit register to find the name “Turquoise Peak” from Colin Jones and Paula Rondina 22 years previous (which agrees with bivouac). There were no other entries since then. Obviously Alex’s team has been up here and the FRA is from 1987 by Reg Bonney and Bob Saunders but I’m guessing there hasn’t been many others up here over the years. Interestingly we found the views to be better than from The Preacher despite the fact that Preacher is clearly higher. Maybe it was just the sublime conditions that made us feel this way.

Views from Pulpit (L) to Preacher, Daly, Lilliput, Balfour, Gordon, Olive and Vulture (R).
Incredible views to Bow (L), Andromache, Hector, Pulpit, Preacher, Temple, Daly and Lilliput (R).

We really wanted to linger on the summit. The views were as good as they get, as were conditions. There was a gentle, cool breeze and some puffy white clouds floating lazily overhead but we knew that underneath it all there was trouble brewing. We’d already commented that we’d likely left YYC a little late given the intensity of the spring sun and decided we’d better get down the west face sooner than later before the sleeping giant that is a collapsing snowpack started to come alive. We descended the summit block to the skis and started gearing up for a fantastic descent of the west face below.

Sara descends the moderate snow scramble through the choke on top of the west face. This is a good indication of how steep the west face is.

Despite starting off very firm (almost icy), the west face skied extremely well. We had lots of room so we did big turns, avoiding rocks poking through the surface in several locations. Part of me wanted to go as fast as possible but another part of me wanted to enjoy the incredible feeling of skiing down the large face with giant views of Balfour and the Wapta Icefield to the west. Nothing other than personal experience can explain just how incredible the feeling of swooping down a mountain on a perfect spring day can be. Seracs were crashing off the Balfour Glacier below as we descended down the face, choosing lines that would link up with the NE moraine and hopefully eliminate any need to skin back uphill.

Sara takes in the incredible Spring day as we continue our descent off the west face to the canyon below.

Sara picked an excellent line and we ended up only having to bootpack a short section down from the NE moraine before skiing to our ascent line to the access canyon below. The snowpack was starting to show signs of collapsing as we gingerly bootpacked across the lower choke and skied down to Balfour Creek below.

Sara exits the left hand route in the lower canyon choke. Note the avalanche risk from a massive cornice overhanging the mid right hand route at lower center.

As we skied the final descent line from the moraines down Balfour Creek the snowpack started to go. I first noticed it when the back of my skis suddenly sank a couple of feet behind me! I started “water skiing” to prevent a crash but was on high alert. A bit further down Balfour Creek I saw Sara sink to her knees and decided I’d better join the bear tracks in the shade south of the creek. 

We were delighted to find perfect ski conditions on Hector Lake. There wasn’t enough surface snow to collapse and travel was extremely quick and easy despite the inch or two of slushy snow on the ice below.

Returning to Hector Lake from the Balfour Creek flats. It’s a long way to hwy 93 but thankfully the lake is in perfect conditions and we’re in t-shirts.

It felt really good to ski out along Hector Lake in t-shirts under a blue sky with a gentle, cool breeze at our backs. I cannot stress enough how much more pleasurable this day on Hector Lake felt in comparison to my previous 5 crossings. The snow bridge we used to cross the Bow River inlet to the lake collapsed behind me as I crossed it, signifying some perfect timing on our part! The trudge back uphill to the highway wasn’t as bad as I was expecting and our round trip time of 8.5 hours was totally reasonable. I never felt rushed all day and the conditions were so good that I didn’t feel my usual exhaustion at the return lake crossing either. And this was all while in the middle of a 25+ hour fast too! I guess conditions really do affect mood and energy more than we think sometimes. Turquoise Peak will sit among my favorite ski tours of winter 2021/22 for a great many reasons.

Turquoise Peak
Skiing onto the Hector Lake flats along the Bow River.
Skiing onto the Hector Lake flats along the Bow River.
Pulpit Knobs at left with Pulpit, Turquoise, BowCrow and Bow Peak (R) visible.
Pulpit Knobs at left with Pulpit, Turquoise, BowCrow and Bow Peak (R) visible.
Crossing Hector Lake in fast conditions with a freeze crust.
Crossing Hector Lake in fast conditions with a freeze crust.
The sight that never gets old - the impressive Balfour Icefall plunges to Balfour Creek.
The sight that never gets old - the impressive Balfour Icefall plunges to Balfour Creek.
The sight that never gets old - the impressive Balfour Icefall plunges to Balfour Creek.
The sight that never gets old - the impressive Balfour Icefall plunges to Balfour Creek.
Skiing the flats at the back of Hector Lake under the Balfour Icefall.
Skiing the flats at the back of Hector Lake under the Balfour Icefall.
Skiing the flats at the back of Hector Lake under the Balfour Icefall.
Skiing the flats at the back of Hector Lake under the Balfour Icefall.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up to the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
The left hand choke isn't a ski today.
The left hand choke isn't a ski today.
Exposure to the right hand choke from atop the left.
Exposure to the right hand choke from atop the left.
Sara kicks steps across the top of the left hand choke.
Sara kicks steps across the top of the left hand choke.
Sara kicks steps across the top of the left hand choke.
Sara kicks steps across the top of the left hand choke.
Skiing up the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Skiing up the Balfour Glacier access canyon.
Starting to gain left hand slopes under the lateral moraine. Balfour Glacier at right.
Starting to gain left hand slopes under the lateral moraine. Balfour Glacier at right.
Ascending left hand slopes under the NE lateral moraine.
Ascending left hand slopes under the NE lateral moraine.
Traversing off the lateral moraine to the col.
Traversing off the lateral moraine to the col.
The Preacher looks intimidating.
The Preacher looks intimidating.
Ascending just under the south ridge to the summit block. Wishing I had ski crampons like Sara.
Ascending just under the south ridge to the summit block. Wishing I had ski crampons like Sara.
The slope steepens and I get my boot crampons on.
The slope steepens and I get my boot crampons on.
A snow scoop atop the west face under the summit block.
A snow scoop atop the west face under the summit block.
A snow scoop atop the west face under the summit block.
A snow scoop atop the west face under the summit block.
Views across and down the west face to Balfour (L).
Views across and down the west face to Balfour (L).
Looking down the choke from above it.
Looking down the choke from above it.
A summit register! 22 years since the first signatures.
A summit register! 22 years since the first signatures.
Gordon, Olive, Vulture, Crowfoot, BowCrow, Bow, Andromache, Hector, Pulpit, Preacher, Daly, Lilliput
Gordon, Olive, Vulture, Crowfoot, BowCrow, Bow, Andromache, Hector, Pulpit, Preacher, Daly, Lilliput
Pulpit, Preacher, Daly, Lilliput, Balfour, Gordon, Olive, Vulture (R).
Pulpit, Preacher, Daly, Lilliput, Balfour, Gordon, Olive, Vulture (R).
Mount Balfour.
Mount Balfour.
Mount Hector over its namesake lake.
Mount Hector over its namesake lake.
Molar Mountain over Hector Pass.
Molar Mountain over Hector Pass.
The Vulture Col between Gordon and Olive at c-r.
The Vulture Col between Gordon and Olive at c-r.
Mount Daly.
Mount Daly.
Descending the summit block.
Descending the summit block.
Moderate snow scrambling down the choke to the top of the west face.
Moderate snow scrambling down the choke to the top of the west face.
Moderate snow scrambling down the choke to the top of the west face.
Moderate snow scrambling down the choke to the top of the west face.
Moderate snow scrambling down the choke to the top of the west face.
Moderate snow scrambling down the choke to the top of the west face.
Enjoying perfect spring weather.
Enjoying perfect spring weather.
Returning through the choke in the access canyon.
Returning through the choke in the access canyon.
Our tracks descending the left hand route in the canyon.
Our tracks descending the left hand route in the canyon.
A gorgeous spring day along Balfour Creek.
A gorgeous spring day along Balfour Creek.
A gorgeous spring day along Balfour Creek.
A gorgeous spring day along Balfour Creek.
Skiing across Hector Lake in t-shirts.
Skiing across Hector Lake in t-shirts.
Wild views.
Wild views.
Back aside the Bow River inlet to Hector Lake.
Back aside the Bow River inlet to Hector Lake.

2 thoughts on Turquoise Peak (Hector Lake)

  1. Amazing area Vern! Great pics
    I would love to see a post sometime about your specific diet. Your comment about the 25 hour fast has me curious!

    • Thx bud. My specific diet for the past 7-8 months has been a general intermittent fast, usually an 18-6 (6 hour eating window). Unfortunately for me this didn’t work and I still managed to gain weight. 😐 So about 6 weeks ago I got serious and started a modified OMAD (one meal a day) regimen. Strict OMAD is a 23:1 (1 hour eating window) and I do that about 25% of the time. More often I’m doing a 22:2 or 22.5:1.5 but still don’t consume calories until at least 4:30-5pm every day. This is very challenging with exercise and I’m still figuring out how to maintain enough energy for big mountain days while trying to stay on a fast. On this particular day I didn’t consume any calories from Saturday at 6pm to Sunday at 7:30pm once I got home so that was over 25 hours – not a normal day! It’s been a lifelong journey for me, and I’m hoping to document it one day when I’m finally successful at losing and maintaining a healthy weight.

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