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Christian Peak (Lyell V)

Summit Elevation (m): 3398
Trip Date: June 27 2015
Elevation Gain (m): 600 from hut, 2600 from Valenciennes FSR
Round Trip Time (hr): 4 from hut
Total Trip Distance (km): 6 from hut
Quick ‘n Dirty Rating: Class 3 – you fall, you break something
Difficulty Notes: Glacier travel and steep snow to the summit and a bergschrund which can be problematic, depending on the time of year.
Technical Rating: MN7; YDS (II)
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Friday, June 26 was a lot longer and involved than we originally planned it – a one day record amount of height gain for me at around 11,000 feet in total. It involved the entire approach to the Lyell Hut from the Valenciennes forestry service road and the subsequent ascents of ErnestEdward and Rudolph peaks – three 11,000ers. We agreed to “sleep in” on Saturday and therefore didn’t get up until 06:00. You know you’re an alpinist when 06:00 is considered sleeping in.

Christian Peak Route Map

Obviously our goal for the weekend was to ascend all the Lyell peaks. This included Walter Peak, which is considered one of the more technical of the 11,000ers to climb. There are two main routes to Walter’s summit. The ‘easiest’ route is over Christian Peak via the south ridge. The more sporting route is from the north ridge from the col between Walter and Ernest via a steep snow / ice climb followed by a 5.4 pitch and then some exposed low 5th class / steep snow to the top. There is, however, another route that very few consider nowadays. The first ascent of Walter was done via the west slopes of the peak, ascending to the Christian / Walter col and then following the south ridge to the apex over and around some very tricky pinnacles. This route is mentioned by Corbett in his guidebook as “no longer feasible” due to glacier retreat, but Rick Collier and his party successfully ascended it in 1992 and given our rapidly deteriorating snow conditions, we decided to try it as well. Our main concern were the pinnacles just before the summit, that many summit parties mention as being some of the toughest terrain on the route. Given our slurpee snow conditions we were also concerned about the heavily corniced ridge that we’d seen from Ernest Peak the day before.

Ben leaves the comfort of the Lyell Hut for our attempt on Walter Peak.

Interesting Facts on Christian Peak 

Named by Sydney R. Vallance in 1972. Hasler, Christian jr. (Christian Hasler jr. was a mountain guide who worked in the Rockies during the early 1900’s) Official name. Other names One of five peaks on Mount Lyell. First ascended in 1926 by Alfred J. Ostheimer, M.M. Strumia, J. Monroe Thorington, guided by Edward Feuz jr.. Journal reference CAJ 16-144.


I knew almost as soon as we kicked our way towards the glacier on the northwest side of the Lyell Hut that Lyell IV probably wasn’t going to happen this day. Ben and I were not “feeling it“. I was tired from the day before – more mentally than physically – and the snow had not frozen over night and was a bit slushy already in the morning shade. We started up the west glacier, contouring around the west ridge of Christian before heading towards the west face of Walter Peak for a look at the proposed route. Instantly I saw some issues in the form of objective hazards. There were two gaping ‘schrunds which were dumping ice over our intended traverse and many huge holes with sagging bridges lower down in the bowl and on the moderate ascent slopes to the Christian col above. With a solid freeze and cooler temperatures this route would probably go, but in our conditions both Ben and I felt strongly that this was a risky proposition at best. Adding to our apprehension was the fact that if the upper route didn’t go (and there was a good chance it wouldn’t), we would have to come back down this bowl and expose ourselves to the objective hazards TWICE – and in much warmer temps on return! I know Steven was quite disappointed but he agreed with our logic and we decided to ascend Christian Peak first and see if the traverse via the south ridge would work for Walter.

We make our way along the west ridge of Christian Peak towards the west face of Walter, which is straight ahead here. The route looks easy from this vantage. Ernest Peak is just to the left of Walter.
Now things look a bit more serious. Heavily crevassed, sagging snow bridges and a traverse between two large ‘schrunds that are shedding snow and ice over the route. All on slurpee snow. No thanks! Christian Peak at center, Walter left of center and Ernest Peak just to the left of Lyell IV.

We trudged up and around the west side of Christian’s south ridge and along to the regular southeast face route. Even this wasn’t the “walk in the park” that many people probably expect. Again, I think rising temperatures may be putting the Lyell Peaks out of shape earlier in the season, or perhaps making them a wee bit tougher to climb thanks to open crevasses and gaping bergschrunds.

Just finishing the west shoulder of Christian and transitioning to the southeast face route. We briefly considered the rocky west ridge straight up to the summit but it’s not quite as easy as it looks and we didn’t want to be tempted onto the snow right next to the rock as it would be even more unstable than the face.

Christian Peak had a pretty serious ‘schrund splitting across its entire south face. Steven found a bridge that held us, but due to its aspect and the warm temps, we didn’t love it! As I crossed the bridge I looked into the darkness below and knew I didn’t want to linger here long. The steep slope above the ‘schrund was also not in the best condition. It felt like we were climbing up a giant slushy pile of snow that would slide completely off the mountain and into the ‘schrund at any time. We didn’t linger on this slope either. So far our decision not to mess with the heavily crevassed west face of Walter was looking like a good one. The final ridge to the highest point on Christian Peak offered some pretty incredible views and soon we were standing on our fourth 11,000er in 12 hours or so.

Ben traverses towards the bridge over the ‘schrund on the southeast face of Christian Peak, the west shoulder that we approach from at lower left.

The summit views were stunning. We took a boatload of photos and then started the descent towards Walter Peak down the north ridge of Christian. We didn’t get very far. With hours of daylight and good energy / focus and cooler temperatures I think we could have gone much further than we did, but we didn’t have those things. Sometimes you have to know when to turn back and this was one of those rare occasions for us. Bagging another Lyell peak, just for the sake of bagging it didn’t appeal when weighed with the risks and the conditions we had and the way Ben and I were feeling. Walter Peak is the hardest of the Lyells to climb, but also the least spectacular. It isn’t the highest. It isn’t the sexiest. It doesn’t have the best views. All of these factors combined with a sagging snow bridge still baking and weakening in the morning sun on Christian’s southeast face, combined to turn our group around and call it a day. Walter Peak will be climbed by us some day, on a cool, crisp morning when we’re all feeling it. I’m pretty sure it’ll be there for a while, just waiting for us.

Amazing views down the Lyell Creek valley with Walter and Ernest on the right. The spine of the North American Continent (Great Divide) can be clearly seen marching away on the right side of the pano – including the summits of Walter, Farbus, Oppy, Alexandra, Bryce and Columbia.
The entire main Lyell Icefield laid out under us.
Pawn Peak, Mount King Edward and of course Mount Columbia, South and North Twin, Alberta, Stutfield and Snow Dome dominate the background over Oppy and Farbus and Castleguard Mountains in the foreground .
Peaks in the foreground include (L to R), Rostrum, Bush, Icefall, La Clytte and Kemmel. In the far distance (L to R) are Sir Donald, Rogers and Iconoclast among many others.
Descending the summit ridge of Christian Peak.

The descent down the south face of Christian Peak went quickly and soon we found ourselves near our traverse tracks from the previous day with many hours of day light left and nothing else to do. 

Tricky terrain over the ‘schrund on the south face of Christian Peak.
The day has already gone ‘nuclear’ and it’s only around noon as we trudge down the south shoulder of Christian Peak.

Ben wanted to go back to the hut and spend the afternoon reading, catching up on sleep and enjoying the beautiful weather. Steven kind of wanted the same thing, but knew he’d be bored after 3 or 4 hours. I also wanted to relax for a bit, but also knew I’d be bored after an entire afternoon of just sitting around. It was a hot day, but the sky was clear and the views were great. Steven pointed to a tiny brown bump, lower than our current position on the icefield and asked, “what about Arctomys Peak?”.

Christian Peak (Lyell V)
Near the Lyell Hut.
Near the Lyell Hut.
Ben leaves the comfort of the Lyell Hut for our attempt on Walter Peak.
Ben leaves the comfort of the Lyell Hut for our attempt on Walter Peak.
A gorgeous morning view from the Lyell Hut, looking over "Crampon Col" towards Rostrum Peak (L) and Icefall Peak / Rostrum Tower (R).
A gorgeous morning view from the Lyell Hut, looking over "Crampon Col" towards Rostrum Peak (L) and Icefall Peak / Rostrum Tower (R).
As we start around the western edge of the Lyell Icefield we encounter some pretty big holes.
As we start around the western edge of the Lyell Icefield we encounter some pretty big holes.
We make our way along the west ridge of Christian Peak towards the west face of Walter, which is straight ahead here.
We make our way along the west ridge of Christian Peak towards the west face of Walter, which is straight ahead here.
Pretty sublime views towards Whiterose, Alexandra, Oppy and Farbus at center to the north.
Pretty sublime views towards Whiterose, Alexandra, Oppy and Farbus at center to the north.
If only there was an easy way to the ascent ridge at center! Unfortunately there isn't.
If only there was an easy way to the ascent ridge at center! Unfortunately there isn't.
Lots of sagging bridges visible (in sunlight) on the west face of Walter and lots of massive holes between us and that far slope!
Lots of sagging bridges visible (in sunlight) on the west face of Walter and lots of massive holes between us and that far slope!
Heavily crevassed, sagging snow bridges and a traverse between two large 'schrunds that are shedding snow and ice over the route.
Heavily crevassed, sagging snow bridges and a traverse between two large 'schrunds that are shedding snow and ice over the route.
More of what we'd have to deal with before accessing the west face of Walter Peak.
More of what we'd have to deal with before accessing the west face of Walter Peak.
Continuing on up to the south shoulder of Christian Peak.
Continuing on up to the south shoulder of Christian Peak.
On the south shoulder, aiming for the SE face now with the huge 'schrund already visible.
On the south shoulder, aiming for the SE face now with the huge 'schrund already visible.
Whiterose, Alexandra, Bryce, Queens, Columbia, Oppy, Farbus, North and South Twin, Alberta and Stutfield Peak (L to R).
Whiterose, Alexandra, Bryce, Queens, Columbia, Oppy, Farbus, North and South Twin, Alberta and Stutfield Peak (L to R).
Just finishing the west shoulder of Christian and transitioning to the southeast face route.
Just finishing the west shoulder of Christian and transitioning to the southeast face route.
The snowshoes are off as we start up the lower SE face.
The snowshoes are off as we start up the lower SE face.
Ben traverses towards the bridge over the 'schrund on the southeast face of Christian Peak, the west shoulder that we approach from at lower left.
Ben traverses towards the bridge over the 'schrund on the southeast face of Christian Peak, the west shoulder that we approach from at lower left.
A steep snow climb on slurpee snow - sometimes sinking to knee deep without the snowshoes on.
A steep snow climb on slurpee snow - sometimes sinking to knee deep without the snowshoes on.
Incredible views along Christian's north ridge from the summit.
Incredible views along Christian's north ridge from the summit.
The spine of the North American Continent (Great Divide) can be clearly seen marching away on the right side of the pano
The spine of the North American Continent (Great Divide) can be clearly seen marching away on the right side of the pano
A wider view with Lyell Creek on the far left and Walter, Ernest, Edward and Rudolph all visible at right of center.
A wider view with Lyell Creek on the far left and Walter, Ernest, Edward and Rudolph all visible at right of center.
This is as far as we got on our traverse to Walter Peak.
This is as far as we got on our traverse to Walter Peak.
Ben on the summit with our tracks leading to the traverse and Steven returning behind him.
Ben on the summit with our tracks leading to the traverse and Steven returning behind him.
That snow couloir on Erasmus is a nice line to the summit block. Not so easy by Rick's description.
That snow couloir on Erasmus is a nice line to the summit block. Not so easy by Rick's description.
The Amery / Monchy / Hooge traverse is still one of my all-time favorite days in the mountains.
The Amery / Monchy / Hooge traverse is still one of my all-time favorite days in the mountains.
Pawn Peak, Mount King Edward and of course Mount Columbia, South and North Twin, Alberta, Stutfield and Snow Dome dominate the background
Pawn Peak, Mount King Edward and of course Mount Columbia, South and North Twin, Alberta, Stutfield and Snow Dome dominate the background
Tsar at left with Tusk and Clemenceau over Alexandra at center. Bryce looming over Queens at center.
Tsar at left with Tusk and Clemenceau over Alexandra at center. Bryce looming over Queens at center.
Gazing far off to the west over the dark triangular east face of Cockscomb Mountain towards the Selkirk Mountain Range.
Gazing far off to the west over the dark triangular east face of Cockscomb Mountain towards the Selkirk Mountain Range.
Looking over Ego Mountain in the foreground towards the Selkirks in the far distance.
Looking over Ego Mountain in the foreground towards the Selkirks in the far distance.
The Adamants show up at distant left over the Kitchen Range.
The Adamants show up at distant left over the Kitchen Range.
The Adamants at right with Sir Sanford at left - the highest peak in the Selkirks at around 11,500 feet.
The Adamants at right with Sir Sanford at left - the highest peak in the Selkirks at around 11,500 feet.
Another view of Sir Sanford - this time with part of Kinbasket Lake showing up at lower left.
Another view of Sir Sanford - this time with part of Kinbasket Lake showing up at lower left.
Sir Donald (L) and Mount Rogers (R) in the distance with Rostrum, Bush and Icefall peaks in the foreground.
Sir Donald (L) and Mount Rogers (R) in the distance with Rostrum, Bush and Icefall peaks in the foreground.
Rostrum, Bush, Icefall, La Clytte and Kemmel. In the far distance (L to R) are Sir Donald, Rogers and Iconoclast among many others.
Rostrum, Bush, Icefall, La Clytte and Kemmel. In the far distance (L to R) are Sir Donald, Rogers and Iconoclast among many others.
Mons Peak looks pretty tiny now. Other peaks in the area include Cambrai, Messines, Saint Jullien and Valenciennes.
Mons Peak looks pretty tiny now. Other peaks in the area include Cambrai, Messines, Saint Jullien and Valenciennes.
The twin summits of Division Mountain at foreground left of center with Division Ridge running towards the camera in the foreground.
The twin summits of Division Mountain at foreground left of center with Division Ridge running towards the camera in the foreground.
The mighty Mount Forbes with its impressive NW glacier and face rising to it's 11,851 foot summit - the highest peak entirely in Banff National Park.
The mighty Mount Forbes with its impressive NW glacier and face rising to it's 11,851 foot summit - the highest peak entirely in Banff National Park.
A stunning B&W panorama spanning the entire Forbes and Mons Glaciers from left to right and numerous peaks in between.
A stunning B&W panorama spanning the entire Forbes and Mons Glaciers from left to right and numerous peaks in between.
Mount Cline rises far to the east.
Mount Cline rises far to the east.
One more view into the gorgeous (but hellish to travel through!) Lyell Creek valley - an approach route for Alexandra (from left to right)
One more view into the gorgeous (but hellish to travel through!) Lyell Creek valley - an approach route for Alexandra (from left to right)
Descending the summit ridge of Christian Peak.
Descending the summit ridge of Christian Peak.
Descending the summit ridge of Christian Peak.
Descending the summit ridge of Christian Peak.
It's hard to tell that there's a bloody steep SE face directly ahead of us here.
It's hard to tell that there's a bloody steep SE face directly ahead of us here.
Tricky terrain over the 'schrund on the south face of Christian Peak. Trust me. These holes are bottomless.
Tricky terrain over the 'schrund on the south face of Christian Peak. Trust me. These holes are bottomless.
Another view of the bergschrund crossing.
Another view of the bergschrund crossing.
Looking along Division Ridge towards the Forbes (L) and Mons (R) Icefields.
Looking along Division Ridge towards the Forbes (L) and Mons (R) Icefields.
The day has already gone 'nuclear' and it's only around noon as we trudge down the south shoulder of Christian Peak.
The day has already gone 'nuclear' and it's only around noon as we trudge down the south shoulder of Christian Peak.
Looking back up our descent track towards Christian.
Looking back up our descent track towards Christian.

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