Vaux, Mount

Summit Elevation (m): 3319
Elevation Gain (m): 2200
Trip Date: September 9 2011
Round Trip Time (hr): 12
Total Trip Distance (km): 10
Quick ‘n Easy Rating: Class 4 – You fall you break something or worse
Difficulty Notes: A fine line between climbing and scrambling near the summit ridge. You must be comfortable soloing very loose and steep terrain to scramble Vaux.
Technical Rating: SC7; YDS (4th)
GPS Track: Gaia
Map: Google Maps

On Friday, September 09 2011 I joined Sonny Bou for a scramble up Mount Vaux in Yoho National Park. (Note: when Sonny and I scrambled Vaux it wasn’t in a guidebook or nearly as popular as it is today.) Mount Vaux is not your every day scrambling objective. There are a few reasons for this;

  1. No officially published route (surprising given it’s stature and location).
  2. It’s a huge objective both in stature (over 2200 meters or  7260 feet of elevation gain) and in looseness.
  3. It’s under the magical 11,000 foot mark by a few hundred feet and isn’t deemed ‘worthy’ by much of the climbing community.

The ‘problem’ with Vaux is that it’s a beautiful mountain! I’ve been staring at it for years from other peaks, wondering what it would be like to stand on it’s summit. It kept tempting me to try and this year I finally reached a breaking point after standing on a number of gorgeous Yoho mountains including Des Poilus, Yoho and Cathedral. I was determined to attempt scrambling up Vaux and solving the mystery of standing on it’s summit.

Mount Vaux Route Map

The fact that there are no published routes up Vaux doesn’t mean there’s no beta on it. The veritable Alan Kane has a trip report on his web site detailing a scramble that he and Sim Galloway did back in 2000. (Note: Obviously Alan has now added it to his guidebook!) The trip report is simple but clear and I always thought I would just follow the big gully to the top where I would scramble through a difficult cliff band and pop out on the summit ridge – no fuss, no muss! When a couple of friends attempted this route back in July of 2007 they reported back that the scramble route either didn’t exist or was very difficult to find. This debate continued for 4 years and I decided it was time to end it once and for all. Is there a scramble route up Vaux that doesn’t require technical gear to ascend?

After a brief debate about Kane’s route photo (which Sonny has proved is wrong – do not get confused by the route photo – use Sonny’s instead), with both Alan Kane himself and also Rick Collier (Rick didn’t descend the ascent route due to it’s objective hazards), I felt ready to finally organize an outing. I didn’t want a large ascent party because of the loose terrain and I wanted some company that would be comfortable on loose, exposed and giant mountains. Sonny Bou immediately came to mind. Greg Ng also indicated he would like to join. Than it snowed. A brief dump of white stuff before the September long weekend combined with a brief cold front and Vaux seemed out of reach for this year. But a week of warm weather and we were back on! I got an email from Sonny asking if I would be willing to take Friday off for the attempt and I most certainly was. A 03:30 alarm woke me on Friday and by 07:00 we were parked at a small gravel pullout right under the giant avalanche ascent gully of Vaux. This pullout leads right into a small logged area at the base of the gully – no need to park in the campground.

After leaving the bear spray in the car because I didn’t want to lug it up 2200 meters I thought we’d probably run into a bear. After walking through a huge patch of fresh raspberries and bunch berries on the way up the lower gully I knew for a fact we would encounter a bruin at some point in our day! We grunted our way up 100’s of meters of height gain, simply following the huge avalanche gully up and ever UP. We chatted for about the first 500 meters which helped pass the time, but eventually we struck up our own paces and separated as we ascended.

The avalanche gully is hugely foreshortened. On some mountains you’re glad that the summit is in view the entire ascent. On Vaux it’s a wicked temptress that calls out to you for hours on end and never gets closer! It’s a wee bit depressing how slowly the cliff bands that look ‘right there’ from the car are no nearer after 2 hours of ascent. My strategy was to pick a rock far in the distance were I would take a short break and look back. The ‘small rocks’ turned out to be big boulders and the car was shrinking quickly behind us, so I knew that I was gaining on the peak even if it didn’t seem like it at times. The other mountains all around Vaux slowly started shrinking as the sun began to light them up. Thank goodness the ascent was in shadow all morning.

Thankfully we’re in the shade while ascending this beast. Getting much higher now, looking back over the Kootenay Range.

As I followed the gully slowly to climber’s left I developed a route hunch. I figured that lingering snow patches against the cliff walls to my right would be a great asset compared to the increasingly loose, nasty terrain in the gully itself. I think most people would be inclined to head straight up from where I was, but this will cliff you out eventually. The issue to accessing the snow slopes next to the cliffs was some down sloping, slabby cliff bands that had some running water going over them. I waited until a traverse to my right became possible and slowly worked my way over to the snow. Crampons and ax came out and up I went – the snow was excellent compared to the scree and boulder field.

I was having a great time ascending – even with the giant elevation gains. The day was shaping up to be one of those incredible fall displays of blue skies, orange and yellow slopes and a faint cool breeze kissing your face. I took fresh fruit along and stopped about 4 times on the way up to munch on it’s juicy goodness – it was so invigorating! The views were mind blowing after the first 2 hours so stopping for a few minutes wasn’t hard. My fitness is usually pretty good by the end of summer and after lugging a heavy pack up Des Poilus and Cathedral I felt great with the day pack on Vaux. At the top of the snow patch I was tempted by a narrow snow couloir further to my right but didn’t know if it would go or not (it would have been perfect on hindsight) so I reluctantly bailed back onto the rock, still about 400 meters below the summit ridge with a huge wall of gray rock looming to my right. For the first time I began to wonder if there was indeed a route through the terrain in front of me and if we’d be able to get back down the route even if we found it!

Looking back over the Kicking Horse River and the Kootenay Ranges to the distant Purcells.

So far my hunch was working perfectly and it continued to pay off. I guess my mountain senses were due for a good day. I ascended a steepish rock buttress above the snow slope, working my way climber’s right towards the wall of gray rock. At the top of the buttress I was confronted by a narrow snow arete (the top of the couloir that I didn’t ascend). The arete ended at the gray wall of rock. As I examined the arete and wall behind it I noticed a possible route up some ledges and around a small seepage coming down from the orange rock slopes above. This looked very promising and was about the right height to be the 15m crux that Kane mentions in his trip report. Sonny was quite a ways below me at this point so I left a cairn for him, hollered a few times to make sure he was OK, waited for his affirmation and put the crampons back on for the arete traverse – the snow was very hard and a slip would have been uncool here.

The crux was very steep with loose handholds but firm little ledges that I could work my way up on. When I topped out on this section and looked back I felt a wee bit apprehensive about getting back down it, but told myself that the ledges would make it manageable. The trick I do with difficult sections is to break apart the difficulties into small steps of one or two moves instead of looking at the whole problem as once. After leaving another cairn for the way back (cairns don’t last long on this mountain so don’t expect to find mine if you go) I turned to the task of getting to the summit ridge. I was still over 300 vertical meters from the summit at this point.

The final bash to the summit ridge was steep and again, very, very loose. I can’t state clearly enough how loose Vaux is. Some day the whole mountain will collapse under it’s own looseness – I’m sure of it. I wouldn’t ascend with more than 2 people and I would make sure you are good at dodgeball first. Just remember that rocks hurt a little more than dodge balls do. I touched some rocks as big as myself and they would rock back and forth! Putting my weight on anything was an exercise in slow pressure to see if it would hold or send me tumbling down the mountain. I was surprised to find a couple of cairns still standing on the final section to the ridge. They were very handy, guiding me a bit to climber’s right onto slightly easier terrain above the crux. When I finally topped out on the ridge next to the Hanbury glacier I could hardly believe I was almost at the summit!

The summit is in sight!

I trudged up easy scree next to the glacier for the last 50 vertical meters and found myself standing on the summit of Mount Vaux with almost no wind and mind blowing views stretching out in all directions. It had taken me just over 6 hours to climb the ~5km gully on Vaux. Mountains that were looming above us on the drive in, were now little bumps compared to my vantage point. The Hanbury Glacier looked very nice and inviting – too bad there’s no easy route down it or I wouldn’t hesitate recommending it as a descent option.

Yoho and the Wapta Icefield at left and center with the Bow Range and Lake Louise peaks at distant right.

The summit register showed that we were only the 15th party since 1961 to find and sign it. I know others have been up but obviously the register was buried in snow for some of them. We were the first party since 2009 according to the register. It was interesting to see that there was a ‘burst’ of ascents (3 or 4) when Kane put the route on his web site. I’m sure this will happen once Sonny and I re-confirm the route on our sites. That’s OK – this is a gorgeous mountain that deserves more ascents! (Note: Now that Kane has added it to his guidebook I’m sure Vaux sees 2-5 ascents per year.)

Zoomed pano of the Lake Louise peaks from Niblock and Whyte to Victoria (L) to Biddle, Temple, Hungabee and Deltaform (R).
The Van Horne and Kootenay Ranges in front of the distant Purcell Mountains.
From L to R, Ennis, Hanbury, Martins, Teepee and Mount Goodsir.
Looking over the Hanbury Glacier at the Goodsir Towers, Chancellor at right.

Sonny eventually joined me at the summit and we relaxed for another 40 minutes before heading down. The descent was brutally long and the loose terrain kept trying to throw us off the mountain but we made it eventually. Being tired on that terrain was brutal because any time either of us lost concentration the mountain would immediately try to trip us up. 

The Kicking Horse River is 2,000m lower than the summit of Vaux.

The crux was very tricky but we took our time and managed to downclimb it. We used the snow slopes to our advantage which saved some time and our knees. 

The fresh water on route was a God-send in the hot afternoon sun and I kept dousing myself with it at every opportunity. Sure enough – we also ran into a black bear on descent. It was blocking our route through the berry patch in the lower gully but eventually moved off to the side and we passed it with no issues.

It felt great to bag this giant peak ‘by fair means’ (no rope) and I felt great the whole day. Windless, clear, warm conditions were essential to how much fun I had. I think on a windy day there’s probably a lot of rock fall on Vaux. You should consider taking a rope if you’re not comfortable with climber’s scrambles – but good luck finding solid protection! The best way I could describe Vaux is that it’s like Mount Stephen, only 300 meters more gain, a lot looser and no trail. Our round trip time was just under 12 hours including over an hour at the summit and a few longish breaks on the way down.

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