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Chephren, Mount

Summit Elevation (m): 3266
Elevation Gain (m): 1700
Trip Time (hr): 16 
Total Trip Distance (km): 22
Quick ‘n Dirty Rating: Class 3/4 – you fall, you break something or die
Difficulty Notes: This is a big mountain with big terrain. Good weather and dry conditions are highly recommended to keep this beast within the realm of ‘scrambling’. Do not underestimate!
Technical Rating: SC7; YDS (4th)
Map: Google Maps


After a solo scramble on Observation Peak, I met up with Keith Bott for the trek into the bivy on Mount Chephren on August 07 2009 in the evening. I had Chephren on the radar for a long time already and finally all the pieces of life aligned to allow me a good chance at this giant. And make no mistake about it. Chephren is every bit the giant you may have heard or suspected it is! Just gaze at it from the highway sometime and you’ll have a pretty good idea of how big this mountain really is.

Mount Chephren Route Map

As Keith and I soon discovered, there’s a reason that Chephren is not more popular than it is – it’s not an easy approach, never mind the actual mountain itself! The trail to Chephren Lake is not that inspiring and even though there is a trail around the left hand side of Chephren Lake, it gets less and less traveled the further you go until you’re bashing through trees and clouds of bugs. The bugs were so bad that we couldn’t breathe without inhaling some.

Keith travels the rough shoreline heading to the back of Chephren Lake. Howse at center and Mount Chephren rising on the right.
The shoreline was much bushier than we expected given that this peak is in a guidebook!

After that bit of ‘fun’ you get to hop over a boulder field that seems to never end. Boulder hopping is one of those exercises that seems like a good time until you spend 10 minutes with a 55 liter pack doing it. Then it becomes tedious. You have to concentrate 100% on your footing because the second you look up to admire the scenery (which was stunning) you miss your landing and twist or break an ankle or bend a hiking pole or any of a number of things which would suck.

The boulder field – at least the views towards Howse are distracting because the boulder hopping gets old quickly.

After the endless boulder field we had some time to suck in the pristine wilderness surroundings we were in. It made all the suffering worth it – big time. The area beneath Howse, White Pyramid and Chephren is one of the most lovely mountain environments I’ve been to in a while. Waterfalls cascaded from steep hanging glaciers to form fast flowing streams of pure, ice cold water, pink rock glowed in the setting sun, wild flowers were everywhere and looming almost 2 km above us were three massive mountains. A very impressive scene that has stuck with me over the years.

We found a very nice bivy spot that was well used, but since we had some good day light we stubbornly pushed on a bit further, closer to Chephren’s ascent slopes. The first stream coming off Howse was easier to cross than the second one but eventually we did manage to cross both of them. With the sun setting we had to make a call to either return to the excellent bivy site we’d ignored or set up our own. Since we found a flat spot with soft ground and very little vegetation we simply pulled out our bivy sacks and set about making and eating supper in the growing darkness.

The night was cool but not cold and the full moon ensured that it never actually got that dark. I slept so good that I didn’t even hear my alarm at 04:45 and we ended up sleeping in till 05:25! Oh well. By 06:00 we were starting up the lower moraine to access the south slopes of Chephren. The sun was just coming up and Howse Peak provided us with a show for the next couple of hours. I was feeling fantastic and kept feeling great all day – I was delighted to finally be on this mountain and the weather and scenery was like a stimulant to me, giving me good energy all day. I should point out that if I had done the approach slog the same day as our ascent I don’t know if I would have enjoyed Chephren quite so much. I would HIGHLY recommend that you do the bivy, simply to give yourself some time in this beautiful area and to get an early start to your actual ascent of Chephren since the approach is so much work already.

I found the lower slopes really enjoyable. We went right up the moraine until spotting the gully Kane mentions. There was a tiny bit of water running in it but since we didn’t carry our crampons we chose to ignore Kane’s warning that we may need them in this case. Good thing we didn’t have to regret that decision!! I had pictures of the route from my jaunt up Observation the day before so we knew we probably wouldn’t need to carry crampons – unless you’re very sure about it you should carry them on this particular mountain.

Incredible morning scenery as we ascend the huge south shoulder. Howse at left with White Pyramid and Chephren at right.

The huge grassy slope, followed by small benches of rock was absolutely brimming with wild flowers of every color and kind. It was easy to walk quickly up this terrain and the only bad part was the unrelenting mosquitoes! Keith ended up putting bug spray on they were so annoying. A very interesting encounter took place as we gained the lower rock bands. We ran into a majestic billy goat and his mate. The billy wasn’t too happy with us but grudgingly allowed us to pass by. This is the closest I’ve ever been to these magnificent creatures and I was surprised how big they are! It took us about 2 hours to reach the first rock band from the bivy at a steady pace.

A magnificent billy and his mate gaze down at us as we climb towards them.
A glorious morning to be alive and NOT-AT-WORK!! Chephren Lake far below with Howse getting a nice morning dose of the summer sun.

The first rock band has a section that was worrying me a bit since I’d heard of it from Jason Wilcox. Soon after taking off up the first cliff band I found the section he’d warned me about, there was a big white rope hanging down a narrow and over hanging crack about 30 feet high. I tried climbing up the crack but my pack wouldn’t even fit properly! After spending a few frustrating moments trying some different moves I came to the conclusion that the only solution was to find another way up – this is supposed to be a scramble after all. Kane mentions the ‘green rock’ on climber’s left is a good way up so I made my way about 20 meters left of the crack with the rope, and sure enough, there was an easier way up. It was still difficult, steep and exposed but at least it wasn’t over hanging and my pack fit.

After almost an hour of careful negotiating through the difficult and loose terrain in and above the first cliff band we finally came to the second cliff band, the black one. Luckily we didn’t need our crampons – a week or two earlier and I’m sure we would have. We managed to get on top of the snow field (literally on top, not on the slope itself) and worked our way up through this band till we were standing on the shoulder of Chephren, looking up at the last 300+ vertical meters to the top. This final 300 vertical meters is pretty much just exhausting! Lots of very loose scree with difficult scrambling if you choose the direct route, which we did. We never found the rope that Andrew mentions, but we certainly found the difficult scrambling. I followed a faint trail up to the last cliff band and then we could choose either a right or left gully to climb through it. I started up the right one but soon backed down when it got to be technical terrain. The left gully was also more rock climbing than scrambling but at least the holds were reasonably solid.

Once through the final crux we grunted our way up horrible, loose, nasty, crappy, non-fun, (did I mention LOOSE) scree till finally popping out on the summit. I made it up in about 4.5 hours from our bivy, Keith was about 20 minutes behind me.

High on the south shoulder of Chephren with views of Patterson at left and Howse at right.

The views from Chephren’s summit were absolutely amazing! All that work was made worth it because the views were among the best I’ve ever had on any of the 200+ summits I’ve stood on so far. We could see several ice fields from Wilson to Columbia to the Mummery, Freshfields and the Wapta. There were so many named peaks in sight that we didn’t even bother trying to identify them all. There wasn’t a breath of wind on the summit and even the pesky smoke from BC didn’t ruin too many of our views – mainly just the southeast view towards Lake Louise. It didn’t hurt that we were on the summit at 10:30 either – the afternoon haze wasn’t building yet.

Patterson and Howse on the left with Mummery and the Freshfields at center, and then White Pyramid, Epaulette, Kaufman Peaks and Sarbach L to R, with Forbes and the Lyells at distant right.
Ridiculous views along the Icefields Parkway looking north (L) and south (R) including Sarbach, Wilson, Murchison, Corona Ridge, Bison, South Totem, Spreading, Waterfowl Lakes, Marmota, Noyes and many others.

I was very surprised to see that only 1 party made the summit in 2008. We were the first of 2009. Some years had as many as 4 ascents but most had less, or even none. I can see why there are so few ascents – the approach will guarantee that Chephren will never be a crowded summit and that’s a wonderful thing since it seems to be rare nowadays to be alone on a summit, much less the only summit party of the year on a guidebook peak.

Looking north up the Icefields Parkway over Epaulette Lake towards Mount Wilson and Saskatchewan Crossing.
A tighter panorama over Waterfowl Lakes towards Wilson (L), Cline, Murchison, Corona Ridge, Totem, Bison, South Totem and Spreading Peak.
Mummery, Fisher, Barlow, Trutch, Conway and many other Freshfields summits.

After an hour at the summit we decided to start the long trip down and out to the parking lot. We were originally planning on bivying somewhere on Sarbach that evening so we wanted to be at the cars by 17:00 but that plan changed a bit as you’ll read later. The trip down the first part of the summit block was very quick and easy on that horrible scree (not so horrible to descend).

Once we got to the cliff bands it took almost as long to down climb as to up climb them. We were glad for the several small cairns I’d built on the way up to mark our route. Once off the last cliff band we had hundreds of meters to go to get to our bivy site.

Still one of my favorite scrambling photos ever. It captures the concentration of Keith as he down climbs and the beauty that surrounds us on the mountain.

The last ‘crux’ off the descent was our big mistake of taking the crest of the moraine down. The rock hard moraine with it’s steep sides threatened to give us some major ‘mountain-rash’ if we slipped and the small pebbles made slipping a very real possibility! I finally ended up bailing off the moraine before it could get me – Keith managed to get all the way down with no ‘rash’ incidents.

 
This photo is deceptively benign. The moraine was so rock hard it was sketchy to descend! We should have avoided it.

After packing up camp we spent the next 2 hours on the miserable ‘depproach’ around the lake and back down the Chephren Lake trail. The bugs were still bad but now it was also quite hot and our legs simply didn’t like the workout. I could feel the effects of doing two mountains in 2 days and the heavier pack didn’t help either. Eventually we stumbled out to the cars around 18:00 and decided that we were not heading up Sarbach that evening! 

Back on the boulder traverse with mighty mount Chephren looming over us once again. Feels so good to know what her summit feels like now!

We ended up staying at the Waterfowl campground and at 04:00 when we awoke to do Sarbach it started raining so we ended up doing Sheol Mountain instead.

Mount Chephren
Beautiful Chephren Lake with Howse at right.
Beautiful Chephren Lake with Howse at right.
Yeah... This is part of the "trail" around the lake...
Yeah... This is part of the "trail" around the lake...
The boulder field - at least the views are distracting.
The boulder field - at least the views are distracting.
Crossing the outflow streams was harder than we expected.
Crossing the outflow streams was harder than we expected.
An obvious bivy coral, we went further.
An obvious bivy coral, we went further.
My room with a view! Chephren rises over a vertical mile above me.
My room with a view! Chephren rises over a vertical mile above me.
A very calm morning on Chephren Lake as we leave camp.
A very calm morning on Chephren Lake as we leave camp.
Howse, White Pyramid and Chephren in the morning light.
Howse, White Pyramid and Chephren in the morning light.
Hundreds and hundreds of vertical meters on this grassy / flowery slope.
Hundreds and hundreds of vertical meters on this grassy / flowery slope.
A gorgeous morning keeps improving.
A gorgeous morning keeps improving.
A magnificent billy goat and his mate gaze down at us as we climb towards them.
A magnificent billy goat and his mate gaze down at us as we climb towards them.
This Mountain Goat is huge!
This Mountain Goat is huge!
Mountain Goats.
Mountain Goats.
The slope of Chephren is severely foreshortened as it takes 2 hours just to reach the rock from the lake!
The slope of Chephren is severely foreshortened as it takes 2 hours just to reach the rock from the lake!
Views back over Chephren Lake.
Views back over Chephren Lake.
We finally get onto some rock - scree.
We finally get onto some rock - scree.
Keith is enjoying this perfect morning too.
Keith is enjoying this perfect morning too.
A nice series of ledges to climb to the crux.
A nice series of ledges to climb to the crux.
Breakfast time before hitting the crux.
Breakfast time before hitting the crux.
Slowly but surely the terrain steepens.
Slowly but surely the terrain steepens.
People have gone many different directions here. Easiest by far is to climber's left, oos and around a corner.
People have gone many different directions here. Easiest by far is to climber's left, oos and around a corner.
The 'easier' terrain on climber's left of the rope is still exposed and loose.
The 'easier' terrain on climber's left of the rope is still exposed and loose.
The 'easier' terrain on climber's left of the rope is still exposed and loose.
The 'easier' terrain on climber's left of the rope is still exposed and loose.
The 'easier' terrain on climber's left of the rope is still exposed and loose.
The 'easier' terrain on climber's left of the rope is still exposed and loose.
Getting higher now - note Howse Peak is only a bit higher than us here.
Getting higher now - note Howse Peak is only a bit higher than us here.
On the west shoulder of Chephren.
On the west shoulder of Chephren.
The second crux is straight up through this cliff band. Pick a gully.
The second crux is straight up through this cliff band. Pick a gully.
This is looking left of the previous photo at the White Pyramid col and the scree traverse around the cliff band.
This is looking left of the previous photo at the White Pyramid col and the scree traverse around the cliff band.
Looking down at Chephren Lake from on top of the cliff band. That's a LONG way down!
Looking down at Chephren Lake from on top of the cliff band. That's a LONG way down!
Mount Forbes.
Mount Forbes.
Still ascending! Howse is getting shorter again.
Still ascending! Howse is getting shorter again.
Howse on the left with the Freshfields and Mummery and then White Pyramid, Epaulette, Kaufman Peaks and Sarbach L to R.
Howse on the left with the Freshfields and Mummery and then White Pyramid, Epaulette, Kaufman Peaks and Sarbach L to R.
Sarbach, Wilson, Cline,  Murchison, Bison, Corona Ridge, South Totem, Spreading, Marmota, Quill, Noy
Sarbach, Wilson, Cline, Murchison, Bison, Corona Ridge, South Totem, Spreading, Marmota, Quill, Noy
Epaulette Lake with Wilson and Murchison (R).
Epaulette Lake with Wilson and Murchison (R).
A great shot of Epaulette Lake with Sarbach to the left and Wilson in the distance at right.
A great shot of Epaulette Lake with Sarbach to the left and Wilson in the distance at right.
Looking over White Pyramid to the Freshfield Icefield.
Looking over White Pyramid to the Freshfield Icefield.
Patterson at left with Midway, Aiguille and Howse to the right.
Patterson at left with Midway, Aiguille and Howse to the right.
Vern on the summit of mighty Mount Chephren with Forbes on the left and the Lyells and even Columbia in the distance.
Vern on the summit of mighty Mount Chephren with Forbes on the left and the Lyells and even Columbia in the distance.
Keith joins me at the lofty summit of Mount Chephren.
Keith joins me at the lofty summit of Mount Chephren.
The Lyells, Christian, Walter, Ernest, Edward, Rudolph (L to R).
The Lyells, Christian, Walter, Ernest, Edward, Rudolph (L to R).
Mount Columbia shows up!
Mount Columbia shows up!
I have good memories of slogging up Mount Wilson on snow shoes...
I have good memories of slogging up Mount Wilson on snow shoes...
Mount Cline shows up over the NW summit of Mount Murchison
Mount Cline shows up over the NW summit of Mount Murchison
Midway in the foreground with Patterson, Temple, Breaker and others in the distance.
Midway in the foreground with Patterson, Temple, Breaker and others in the distance.
Looking over Howse Peak (R) at Aiguille, Aries, Breaker and many others.
Looking over Howse Peak (R) at Aiguille, Aries, Breaker and many others.
Stunning views over the Mistaya River and Hwy 93 toward Totem Creek and Mount Murchison.
Stunning views over the Mistaya River and Hwy 93 toward Totem Creek and Mount Murchison.
Murchison (L), Totem Creek, Bison, South Totem, Spreading and Waterfowl Lakes (R).
Murchison (L), Totem Creek, Bison, South Totem, Spreading and Waterfowl Lakes (R).
Incredible exposure down the east face from the summit.
Incredible exposure down the east face from the summit.
Mummery, Fisher, Barlow, Trutch, Conway and many other Freshfields summits.
Mummery, Fisher, Barlow, Trutch, Conway and many other Freshfields summits.
Forbes and Outram (R).
Forbes and Outram (R).
Incredible views north over Epaulette Lake & up the Icefields Parkway towards Saskatchewan Crossing.
Incredible views north over Epaulette Lake & up the Icefields Parkway towards Saskatchewan Crossing.
Views past Sarbach (L) towards Amery and Cirrus.
Views past Sarbach (L) towards Amery and Cirrus.
Totem Creek / Lakes across hwy 93 with Hall Tower looming over Bison Peak and Corona Ridge.
Totem Creek / Lakes across hwy 93 with Hall Tower looming over Bison Peak and Corona Ridge.
Mount King Edward and Columbia.
Mount King Edward and Columbia.
A birds-eye view down to the Mistaya River Valley.
A birds-eye view down to the Mistaya River Valley.
Keith is crossing the top of the Alpine route (glacier) and traversing skier's left back to our ascent line.
Keith is crossing the top of the Alpine route (glacier) and traversing skier's left back to our ascent line.
Lots of difficult / moderate terrain that requires concentration and brain buckets.
Lots of difficult / moderate terrain that requires concentration and brain buckets.
Gorgeous Chephren Lake is a long way down!
Gorgeous Chephren Lake is a long way down!
By taking our time on the difficult terrain, we had fun and kept things safer.
By taking our time on the difficult terrain, we had fun and kept things safer.
Traversing back under the crux where the rope is hanging. You can see why this is the crux!
Traversing back under the crux where the rope is hanging. You can see why this is the crux!
Traversing back under the crux where the rope is hanging. You can see why this is the crux!
Traversing back under the crux where the rope is hanging. You can see why this is the crux!
Keith downclimbs under the crux with incredible scenery all around.
Keith downclimbs under the crux with incredible scenery all around.
Downclimbing easier ledges.
Downclimbing easier ledges.
Back on easy scree slopes.
Back on easy scree slopes.
Descending hundreds of vertical meters of meadows to Chephren Lake.
Descending hundreds of vertical meters of meadows to Chephren Lake.
Descending hundreds of vertical meters of meadows to Chephren Lake.
Descending hundreds of vertical meters of meadows to Chephren Lake.
This photo is deceptively benign. The moraine was so rock hard it was sketchy to descend! We should have avoided it.
This photo is deceptively benign. The moraine was so rock hard it was sketchy to descend! We should have avoided it.
That is a LONG way up!
That is a LONG way up!
Hiking back around Chephren Lake.
Hiking back around Chephren Lake.
Back on the boulder traverse with mighty mount Chephren looming over us once again.
Back on the boulder traverse with mighty mount Chephren looming over us once again.
Hiking back around Chephren Lake.
Hiking back around Chephren Lake.
Hiking back around Chephren Lake.
Hiking back around Chephren Lake.

2 thoughts on Chephren, Mount

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