Established by a special act of the British Columbia legislature in 1913, Mount Robson Provincial Park is the second oldest park in the Province of British Columbia's park system. It was designated as a world heritage site, part of the Rocky Mountains World Heritage Site, in 1990 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Mount Robson has a colorful early history of trade and transportation. From the early 1800s with trappers, explorers, hunters, prospectors and ordinary folks seeking the end of the rainbow, to the present day. Transportation is still important through the park with a national highway (Highway 16), a national railway, a national fiber optics system and a major pipeline that connect the prairies to the Pacific Ocean. Now as then, all transportation corridors are confined to a narrow valley bottom strip keeping the vast majority of the park as wilderness.
Many locations in the park recognize the role played by early explorers. Magnificent Overland Falls, at the parks western entrance, honours the journey undertaken in 1862 by 115 men and one woman, through the Yellowhead Pass.